“What is textualism?”……Answer:Textualism is the practice of adhering to the actual text of any document. Much courtroom debate centers around textualism as lawyers, judges, and juries must give heed to what the law actually says. Textualism is especially appropriate inbiblical hermeneutics. As conservative Bible scholars are fond of saying, "When the plain sense makes common […]

“What is synonymous parallelism in Hebrew poetry?”……Synonymous parallelism is a poetic literary device which involves the repetition of one idea in successive lines. The first half of a verse will make a statement, and the second half will essentially say the same thing in different words. The statements are "parallel" in that they are juxtaposed, […]

“What is the biblical doctrine of illumination?”……Simply put, illumination in the spiritual sense is "turning on the light" of understanding in some area. Throughout the ages, people in every culture and religion have claimed some kind of revelation or enlightenment from God (whether true or not). When that enlightenment deals with new knowledge or future […]

“What is Soteriology?”……Soteriology is the study of the doctrine of salvation. Soteriology discusses how Christ’s death secures the salvation of those who believe. It helps us to understand the doctrines of redemption, justification, sanctification, propitiation, and the substitutionary atonement. Some common questions in studying Soteriology are:……Once saved always saved?Perhaps the most heart-wrenching fear some believers […]

“What is the Q gospel? …The gospel of "Q" gets its title from the German word quelle which means "source." The whole idea of a Q gospel is based on the concept that the Synoptic Gospels (Matthew, Mark, and Luke) are so similar that they must have copied from each other and/or another source. This […]

“What is the documentary hypothesis?”……The documentary hypothesis is essentially an attempt to take the supernatural out of the Pentateuch and to deny its Mosaic authorship. The accounts of the Red Sea crossing, the manna in the wilderness, the provision of water from a solid rock, etc., are considered stories from oral tradition, thus making the […]

“What is antithetical parallelism in Hebrew poetry?”……A major literary device in Hebrew poetry is parallelism. Often, the parallelism issynonymous-the same idea is restated in different words, side by side (seePsalm 40:13). Antithetical parallelism provides an antithesis, or contrast. A verse containing antithetical parallelism will bring together opposing ideas in marked contrast. Instead of saying the […]