9th December 2016

Nederduits Gereformeerde Kerk

Nederduits Gereformeerde Kerk

Classification ProtestantOrientationReformedPolityPresbyterian

Geographical areas South Africa,Namibia,Swaziland,parts of Botswana and Zimbabwe[1] Branched from Dutch Reformed Church of the Netherlands Congregations 1,162[2] Members 1,129,207[2]

Official website www.ngkerk.org.za

Reformed churches

Calvinisme

(Aangestuur vanaf Gereformeerde kerke)

Calvinisme is ‘n stroming in die ProtestantseChristendom wat gebaseer is op die teologiese leer van die hervormer Johannes Calvyn, asook die daaruit voortspruitende sosiale en politieke leer.

Calvinisme sorg vir die tweede fase van die Protestantse Hervorming, toe evangeliese kerke begin vorm het na Martin Luther verban is uit die Rooms-Katolieke Kerk. Calvinisme ontstaan dus uit die Lutherse beweging (Calvyn het self ook die Lutherse Augsburgse Geloofsbelydenis geteken in 1540). Calvyn se invloed was egter groter by die Switserse Hervorming wat nie Luthers was nie, maar eerder onder die invloed was van Huldrych Zwingli. Calvinisme het ook groot invloed gehad in Frankryk, Hongarye, Skotland (waar John Knox die Calvinistiese denke verbreed het) en ook die Nederlande.

Dit het duidelik geword dat die Gereformeerde kerke se dogma besig was om in ‘n rigting te ontwikkel onafhanklik van Luther s’n, onder die invloed van vele skrywers en hervormers, waaronder Calvyn vooraanstaande was, en hierdie vorm van dogma het sÔö£Ôöé bekend begin staan as Calvinisme. Calvinisme verwys dus nie net na die bewegings wat spesifiek gebasseer is op die leer van Calvyn nie, maar verwys ook in die algemeen na Protestantse dogmas van nie-Lutherse nasionale kerke in Protestantse lande asook verskeie klein Protestantse hervormingsbewegings – Hervormde kerke wat buite die Katolieke Kerk in die sestiende eeu gevorm het.

Hierdie artikel is ‘n saadjie. Voel vry om Wikipedia te help deur dit uit te brei.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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This article does not cite any references or sources. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (November 2008)

Calvinism

John Calvin

Background

Theology

Documents

Influences

Churches

The Reformed churches are a group of Protestantdenominations characterized by Calvinist doctrines. They are descended from the Swiss Reformation inaugurated by Huldrych Zwingli but developed more coherently by Martin Bucer, Heinrich Bullinger and especially John Calvin. In the sixteenth century the movement spread to most of Europe, aligning with national governments in most cases, though several of these national or specific language based churches later expanded to worldwide denominations. There are now many different reformed churches: a 1999 survey found 746 Reformed denominations worldwide[citation needed].

Peoples

Calvinism portal

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History

Further information: Swiss Reformation and History of Calvinism

The first Reformed churches were established in Europe after 1519, and were part of the Protestant Reformation.

Reformed doctrine is expressed in various confessions. A few confessions are shared by many denominations. Different denominations use different confessions, usually based on historical reasons.

The following is a chronological list of confession and theological doctrines of the Reformed churches:

  • First Helvetic Confession (1536),
  • Consensus Tigurinus (1549),
  • French Confession (1559),
  • Scots Confession (1560),
  • Three forms of Unity
  • Heidelberg Catechism (1563),
  • Belgic Confession (1566),
  • Canons of Dordrecht (1619),
  • Second Helvetic Confession (1566)
  • Westminster Standards
  • Westminster Confession of Faith (1646)
  • Westminster Shorter Catechism (1649)
  • Westminster Larger Catechism (1649)
  • Helvetic Consensus (1675)
  • Barmen Declaration (1934)
  • Forms of government

    In contrast to the episcopal polity of the Anglican and many Lutheran and Methodist churches, Reformed churches have two main forms of governance:

  • Presbyterian polity or Synodal government – rule by assemblies of “elders” or ordained officers.
  • Congregationalist polity, e.g. Congregationalist churches
  • The Reformed Church in Hungary, its sister church in Romania, the Hungarian Reformed Church in America, the Polish Reformed Church, and the Reformed Episcopal Church are the only Churches in the Reformed Tradition to have retained the office of Bishop.

    Contents

    [hide]

  • 1 History
  • 2 Forms of government
  • 3 Reformed churches worldwide
  • 4 See also
  • 5 External links
  • Reformed churches worldwide

    Around the world many churches of Reformed tradition emerged, both by migration and missionary work. Here is a List of Reformed churches.

    See also

  • Category:Reformed church seminaries and theological colleges
  • Community of Protestant Churches in Europe
  • World Alliance of Reformed Churches
  • World Communion of Reformed Churches
  • North American Presbyterian and Reformed Council
  • External links

  • World Communion of Reformed Churches
  • Reformed Ecumenical Council
  • Reformed Online – Comprehensive resource
  • International Conference of Reformed Churches – 25 Reformed member churches from 14 countries
  • [http://www.charismaticreformed.org Association Of Reformed Charismatic Churches
  • Categories: Protestant ReformationReformed denominationsChalcedonianismChristian terms

    Calvinism (also called the Reformed tradition, the Reformed faith, or Reformed theology) is a theological system and an approach to the Christian life. The Reformed tradition was advanced by several theologians such as Martin Bucer, Heinrich Bullinger, Peter Martyr Vermigli, and Huldrych Zwingli, but this branch of Christianity bears the name of the French reformerJohn Calvin because of his prominent influence on it and because of his role in the confessional and ecclesiastical debates throughout the 16th century.

    Today, this term also refers to the doctrines and practices of the Reformed churches of which Calvin was an early leader. Less commonly, it can refer to the individual teaching of Calvin himself. The particulars of Calvinist theology may be stated in a number of ways. Perhaps the best known summary is contained in the five points of Calvinism, though these points identify the Calvinist view on soteriology rather than summarizing the system as a whole. Broadly speaking, Calvinism stresses the sovereignty or rule of God in all things – in salvation but also in all of life. This concept is seen clearly in the doctrines of predestination and total depravity.

    John Knox (c. 1510 ÔÇô 24 November 1572) was a Scottish clergyman and a leader of the Protestant Reformation and he is considered the founder of the Presbyterian denomination. He was educated at the University of St Andrews and worked as a notary-priest. Influenced by early church reformers such as George Wishart, he joined the movement to reform the Scottish church. He was caught up in the ecclesiastical and political events that involved the murder of Cardinal Beaton in 1546 and the intervention of the regent of Scotland. He was taken prisoner by French forces the following year and exiled to England on his release in 1549.

    When Mary Tudor ascended the throne and reestablished Roman Catholicism, Knox was forced to resign his position and leave the country. Knox first moved to Geneva and then to Frankfurt. On his return to Scotland, he led the Protestant Reformation in Scotland, in partnership with the Scottish Protestant nobility. Knox helped write the new confession of faith and the ecclesiastical order for the newly created reformed church, the Kirk. He continued to serve as the religious leader of the Protestants throughout Mary’s reign. In several interviews with the queen, Knox admonished her for supporting Roman practices. Eventually, when she was imprisoned and James VI enthroned in her stead, he openly attacked her in sermons. He continued to preach until his final days.

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    Protestantism

    (The Ninety-Five Theses)

    The Reformation

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    Pre-Reformation movements

    Hussites ÔÇó Lollards ÔÇó Waldensians


    Reformation era movements

    Anabaptism ÔÇó Anglicanism ÔÇó Calvinism ÔÇó Counter-Reformation ÔÇó Dissenters and Nonconformism ÔÇó Lutheranism ÔÇó Polish Brethren ÔÇó Remonstrants

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