“Is the King of Tyre prophecy in Ezekiel 28 referring to Satan?”Answer: At first glance, the prophecy in Ezekiel 28:11-19 seems to refer to the human King of Tyre. Tyre was the recipient of some of the strongest prophetic condemnations in the Bible (Isaiah 23:1-18Jeremiah 25:2227:1-11Ezeliel 26:1-19 & 28Joel 3:4-8 Amos 1:9, 10). Tyre was known for arrogantly building its wealth by exploiting its neighbors. Ancient writers referred to the the city of Tyre as a city filled with unscrupulous merchants. Spiritually speaking, Tyre was a center of religious idolatry and sexual immorality. In the Bible, Tyre is most often rebuked for its pride, brought on by its great wealth and strategic location. Ezekiel 18:1-19 seems to be a particularly strong indictment against the King of Tyre in the prophet Ezekiel’s day, rebuking him for his insatiable pride and greed.At the same time, some of the descriptions in Ezekiel 28:11-19go far beyond any mere human king. In no sense could an earthly king claim to be “in Eden,” or “the anointed cherub who covers,” or “on the holy mountain of God.” As a result of this, most Bible interpreters believe that Ezekiel 28:11-19 is a dual prophecy, comparing the pride of the King of Tyre to the pride of Satan, that led to his fall. Some propose that the King of Tyre was actually possessed by Satan, making the prophetic link between the two even more powerful and applicable.Before his fall, Satan was indeed a beautiful creature (Ezekiel 28:12-13). He was perhaps the most beautiful and powerful of all the angels. The phrase “guardian cherub” possibly indicates that Satan was the angel who “guarded” God’s presence. This exalted position led to Satan’s fall, however, as he allowed pride and arrogance to consume him. Rather than giving God the glory for creating him so beautifully, Satan took pride in himself, thinking that he himself was responsible for his exalted status. Satan’s sinful rebellion resulted in God casting Satan from His presence, and will, eventually, result in God condemning Satan to the lake of fire for all of eternity (Revelation 20:10).Similarly, the King of Tyre was prideful due to the riches of Tyre. Rather than recognizing God’s sovereignty, the King of Tyre attributed Tyre’s riches to his own wisdom and strength. Not satisfied with his extravagant position, the King of Tyre sought more and more, resulting in Tyre taking advantage of other nations, expanding its own wealth at the expense of others. But just as Satan’s pride led to his fall, and will eventually lead to his eternal destruction, so will the city of Tyre lose its wealth, power, and status. Ezekiel’s prophecy was fulfilled partially by Nebuchadnezzar (Ezekiel 29:17-21), but then ultimately at the hands of Alexander the Great.