“What is a succubus? What is an incubus?”According to medieval folklore, a succubus is a demon that takes the form of a woman in order to have intercourse with a man in his dreams. The name comes from Old Latin, and means “to lie under.”
In Islamic superstition, there is a similar demon called the qarinah or karina, and in ancient Middle Eastern cultures Lilith was the night demon’s name.
Whichever name is used, the essential qualities are the same: a demon who tempts men sexually at night and who tries to kill infants at birth.There are two biblical passages that may refer directly to this kind of demon. One of the Dead Sea Scrolls (4Q184) depicts a being called “the seductress” who has horns and wings and a multitude of sins in her wings. This being tempts men into sin and ultimately drags them into the Pit.
The passage is quite similar toProverbs 2 which describes the dangers of the seductress or “strange woman.”
Entering her house leads to death; it is the road to the grave.(Hebrew to the spirits of the dead. )The man who visits her is doomed. He will never reach the paths of life.
In describing the results of God’s judgment on Edom from
Desert animals will mingle there with hyenas, their howls filling the night. Wild goats will bleat at one another among the ruins, and night creatures (Hebrew Lilith, possibly a reference to a mythical demon of the night.)will come there to rest.
The American Standard Version translates “lilith” as night demon or monster, and the Revised Standard Version uses the name “Lilith.”
Some commentators have proposed that primitive cultures heard the cries of nocturnal animals and attributed them to demons becausethey had no knowledge of those animals. Are succubi real? If we grant any credence to the widespread beliefs of ancient cultures, the answer would have to be yes. If we confine our search to biblical writing, the answer becomes more difficult. To be sure, the name has been associated with a demonic presence for several thousand years and fits in that context in the Bible. It is also certain that the Bible deals with demons as very real, very powerful beings which have dealings with mankind.
In Peter we read of angels who sinned and were cast down to hell in judgment.2 Peter 2:4For God did not spare even the angels who sinned. He threw them into hell,(Greek Tartarus) in gloomy pits of darkness, (Some manuscripts read in chains of gloom.) where they are being held until the day of judgment.
Jude speaks of angels who disobeyed God
And I remind you of the angels who did not stay within the limits of authority God gave them but left the place where they belonged. God has kept them securely chained in prisons of darkness, waiting for the great day of judgment.
Jesus cast demons out of people, as did His disciples. Whether or not we accept the idea of sexual tempters, there is no doubt that demons themselves are real.The male counterpart of the succubus is the incubus, from the Latin incubo for “nightmare.” An incubus was supposedly a male demon who would lie with sleeping human women in order to have sexual intercourse with them.
Incubi were thought to be able to father children, and the half-human offspring of an incubus was called a “cambion.”
Merlin, the legendary wizard from the King Arthur legends, was supposedly sired by an incubus, from whom he received his supernatural powers and abilities. Both succubi and incubi were the products of medieval superstitions and were most likely efforts to explain the natural phenomena that occur during sleep—nightmares, sexual dreams, sleep paralysis and night terrors. They are also thought to have been efforts to explain away nighttime rapes and other assaults on women by friends, relatives and even the clergy. It would have been easier to attribute such attacks to the supernatural than to admit they came from some person in a position of trust.As Christians, we are warned against worshiping demons
Leviticus 17:7The people must no longer be unfaithful to the Lord by offering sacrifices to the goat idols.(Or goat demons.)This is a permanent law for them, to be observed from generation to generation.
and even their names should be forgotten
“And on that day,” says the Lord of Heaven’s Armies, “I will erase idol worship throughout the land, so that even the names of the idols will be forgotten. I will remove from the land both the false prophets and the spirit of impurity that came with them.
Some people study demons thinking that will help them carry on spiritual warfare. All we really need to know about the enemy is this:
1 John 4:3
But if someone claims to be a prophet and does not acknowledge the truth about Jesus, that person is not from God. Such a person has the spirit of the Antichrist, which you heard is coming into the world and indeed is already here.
Our focus should be on learning more about the One who “has delivered us from the power of darkness
Colossians 1:13-14For he has rescued us from the kingdom of darkness and transferred us into the Kingdom of his dear Son,who purchased our freedom(Some manuscripts addwith his blood.) When we hide God’s Word in our hearts, it keeps us from sinning against Him Psalm 119:11I have hidden your word in my heart, that I might not sin against you. and gives us the weaponry to fight off any attack of Satan or his demons
Ephesians 6:17Put on salvation as your helmet, and take the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God.